- (1866-1944)painter and writer; Laszlo Moholy-Nagy* called him "the great initiator of abstract painting, whose theoretical work represents the beginning of a new art history" (Selz). Born in Moscow, he received a solid education in music* and jurisprudence. After he completed formal studies in 1893, he began a legal apprenticeship; indeed, until age thirty he never studied art. But in 1896 he terminated his legal career, rejected a professorship, and, relocating to Munich, turned his attention to painting.Studying first in a private studio, then at the Kunstakademie under Franz von Stuck, Kandinsky soon formed friendships with Marianne von Werefkin, Paul Klee,* and Alexej von Jawlensky. In 1901 he helped found Phalanx, a group designed "to further common interest by close cooperation." He sponsored eleven exhibitions during Phalanx's three-year history and was also active in the Munchner Sezession and the Berliner Sezession and in the German Artists' Association. His technique began incorporating abstract elements around 1907. "One thing became clear," he later wrote; "objectiveness, the depiction of objects, needed no place in my paintings, and was indeed harmful to them." Late in 1908 he led a group of painters out of the Munchner Sezession; these formed the New Artists' Association. Finally, in 1911 he and Franz Marc es-tablished Der Blaue Reiter (The blue rider), a group identified by the title of a 1903 Kandinsky painting. Focused by Kandinsky's two essays of 1912, Über das Geistige in der Kunst (Concerning the spiritual in art) and "Über die Form-frage" (Concerning the question of form), Blaue Reiter was soon the vanguard of Expressionism.*War forced Kandinsky back to Russia and ended his most productive period (he painted about one hundred canvases during 1910-1914). In Moscow the Revolution brought appointment to the People's Commissariat for Popular Cul-ture and to a professorship at the Fine Arts Academy. He was named director of the Museum of Pictorial Culture in 1919 and became founder and vice pres-ident of the Academy of Artistic Sciences in 1921. His interest in synthesizing the arts and sciences helped stimulate Constructivism. But growing conservatism and the Bolsheviks' cool response to his color and form prompted his return to Germany before 1922. Walter Gropius* soon invited him to teach mural painting at the Bauhaus.* In 1924 he joined Klee, Jawlensky, and Lyonel Feininger*— all Bauhaus colleagues—in the exhibition group Blaue Vier.Kandinsky took German citizenship in 1928. In December 1933 he moved to Paris. His work, reverting to a style freer than that practiced since 1918, again emphasized color. Not until the NSDAP exhibited fourteen of his works in the 1937 show Entartete Kunst (Degenerate Art) did he begin criticizing the Third Reich. He became a French citizen in 1939.REFERENCES:Barron, "Degenerate Art"; Lenman, "Community in Transition"; Ros-kill, Klee; Selz, German Expressionist Painting; Weiss, Kandinsky in Munich.
A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. C. Paul Vincent.
Look at other dictionaries:
Kandinsky, Wassily — Wassily Kandinsky, um 1913 Wassily Kandinsky (russisch Василий Васильевич Кандинский/Wassili Wassiljewitsch Kandinski, wiss. Transliteration Vasilij Vasil evič Kandinskij; * 4. Dezember 1866 in Moskau; † 13. Dezem … Deutsch Wikipedia
Kandinsky, Wassily — ▪ Russian artist Introduction Russian in full Vasily Vasilyevich Kandinsky born Dec. 4 [Dec. 16, New Style], 1866, Moscow, Russia died Dec. 13, 1944, Neuilly sur Seine, Fr. Russian born artist, one of the first creators of pure… … Universalium
Kandinsky, Wassily — (1866 1944) A Russian expressionist painter and a cousin of the psychiatrist Victor Kandinsky (1849 1889). It has been suggested that Wassily Kandinsky was familiar with * synaesthesias and may have made use of them in his quest for… … Dictionary of Hallucinations
Kandinsky,Wassily — Kan·din·sky or Kan·din·ski (kăn dĭnʹskē, kən dyĭnʹ ), Wassily. 1866 1944. Russian abstract painter who considered form and color capable of expression. A founder of Blau Reiter, a German group of abstract expressionists, he also taught at the… … Universalium
Kandinsky, Wassily — (12/16/1866 Moscow 12/13/ 1944 Neuilly sur Seine) (Russia / Germany / France) Painter and printmaker. Studied at the Academy of Fine Art in Munich. Renowned artist who was a pioneer of abstraction in the early 20th century. Some of his work… … Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators
Kandinsky, Wassily (or Vasily) — (1866–1944) Russian born French artist … Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors
Wassily Kandinsky — Wassily Kandinsky, um 1913 Wassily Kandinsky (russisch Василий Васильевич Кандинский/Wass … Deutsch Wikipedia
Wassily Kandinsky — Wassily Kandinsky, c. 1913 or earlier Birth name Wassily Wassilyevich Kandinsky Born 16 December [O.S. 4 December] 1866 Moscow … Wikipedia
Kandinsky — Wassily Kandinsky, um 1913 Wassily Kandinsky (russisch Василий Васильевич Кандинский/Wassili Wassiljewitsch Kandinski, wiss. Transliteration Vasilij Vasil evič Kandinskij; * 4. Dezember 1866 in Moskau; † 13. Dezem … Deutsch Wikipedia
Kandinsky — (Wassily) (1866 1944) peintre russe, naturalisé allemand puis français; fondateur avec Franz Marc du Blaue Reiter (1911), professeur au Bauhaus de 1922 à 1933. Il peint en 1910 ses premières oeuvres abstraites, gestuelles et lyriques, articule de … Encyclopédie Universelle